Friday, January 28, 2011

Gramaphone/Phonograph

Also in my collection, there is a Gramaphone sitting on my bedside table. This is actually a "Frankenstein" set assembled by me with parts from different Gramaphones. The gold coloured horn is actually a modern remake as the original horn was damaged beyond repair. The base however, is an original vintage item, which is estimated at about 50-60 years old.

The phonograph, record player, or gramophone is a device that was most commonly used from the late 1870s through the 1980s for playing sound recordings.

Usage of these terms is not uniform across the English-speaking world (see below). In more modern usage, this device is often called a turntable, record player, or record changer. When used in conjunction with a mixer as part of a DJ set up, they are often called decks.

The term phonograph ("sound writer") is derived from the Greek words φωνή (meaning "sound" or "voice" and transliterated as phonē) and γραφή (meaning "writing" and transliterated as graphē). Similar related terms gramophone and graphophone have similar root meanings. The coinage, particularly the use of the -graph root, may have been influenced by the then-existing words phonographic and phonography, which referred to a system of phonetic shorthand; in 1852 The New York Times carried an advertisement for "Professor Webster's phonographic class", and in 1859 the New York State Teachers' Association tabled a motion to "employ a phonographic recorder" to record its meetings.


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